Ocular Diseases Specialist

Rajat Shetty, OD -  - Optometrist

Astoria Park Eyecare

Rajat Shetty, OD

Optometrist & Contact Lens Specialist located in Astoria, NY

Many problems with your eyes are minor and resolve in a few days, but other eye problems may be ocular diseases that cause loss of vision or a sign of underlying health issues. Your best defense against ocular diseases is regular eye exams from Rajat Shetty, OD, at Astoria Park Eyecare in Ditmars, Astoria. Use the online scheduling feature on the website or call the New York City practice to schedule an exam today.

Ocular Diseases Q & A

What are ocular diseases?

Diseases affecting the eyes are called ocular diseases. The most common include:

  • Conjunctivitis (eye infection)
  • Cataracts (clouded lenses)
  • Optic nerve disorders (glaucoma and others)
  • Macular degeneration (destroys central vision)
  • Diabetic eye conditions
  • Retinal disorders (problems affecting nerves at the back of the eye)


Not all eye diseases have symptoms so it is essential to receive regular eye exams for early detection. Treating ocular diseases early can prevent the progression of the disease or vision loss. 

Schedule an appointment with Astoria Park Eyecare immediately if you have a sudden change in vision, experience flashes of light or floating objects in your vision, double vision, eye pain, or if everything seems darker to you.

How do I prevent ocular diseases?

Preventive health care is the key to preventing the progression of ocular diseases, although it can’t always prevent the disease from occurring in the first place. Vision loss can often be prevented with early diagnosis and treatment of ocular diseases. 

Astoria Park Eyecare performs comprehensive eye exams and informs you of any ocular diseases or conditions requiring treatment, along with making recommendations for the best treatment for your situation.

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma refers to a group of diseases that damage the optic nerves and cause vision loss or complete blindness. 

Glaucoma is a result of increasing fluid pressure in the eyes. Open angle glaucoma is a chronic condition with no early symptoms that progresses until the disease is advanced. 

Closed angle glaucoma appears suddenly and progresses quickly, but because it causes pain, most people seek care before it causes permanent damage.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

If you have diabetes, you’re also at risk for diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes and the leading cause of blindness in American adults. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the retina’s blood vessels. 

Managing your blood sugar and blood pressure can decrease your risk of diabetic retinopathy. Early diagnosis and treatment reduces risks of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy, but as many as half of all patients are not getting eye exams in time for effective treatment. 

Scheduling regular eye exams are important for everyone, but if you have diabetes, it is even more important to come in for annual eye exams.

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is an age-related disorder affecting an estimated 1.8 million Americans over age 40. It causes damage to the central vision, which is used for seeing clearly and for completing routine tasks like reading or driving. 

Wet macular degeneration is caused by the growth of abnormal blood vessels behind the retina, leading to fluid and blood leakage. Dry macular degeneration is more common and progresses slower than wet macular degeneration, causing blurred central vision.

To ensure early detection and treatment of ocular diseases, schedule regular eye exams at Astoria Park Eyecare. You can conveniently book an appointment online or call the practice to schedule.