If you or your teenager experiences blurred or distorted vision that seems to get worse over time, you may have a progressive eye disease called keratoconus. A comprehensive eye exam by Rajat Shetty, OD, at Astoria Park Eyecare in Ditmars, Astoria, can diagnose and provide keratoconus treatment options. Use the convenient online booking tool or call the New York City practice to schedule an eye exam today.
Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease that occurs at the cornea which begins when you’re a teenager or in your early twenties and can affect both eyes.
Keratoconus symptoms change over time as the condition progresses, but keratoconus does not usually lead to complete blindness.
Keratoconus causes the cornea of your eye to change shape, weaken, and absorb light differently. The abnormal corneal shape prevents light from entering the eye properly, causing distorted or blurred vision, progressive nearsightedness, and irregular astigmatism.
If impacted by keratoconus, your eyeglass prescription is likely to change every time you visit Astoria Park Eyecare. Early treatment is key to slowing the progress of vision loss.
The exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, but research indicates an imbalance of enzymes in the cornea may cause weakening of the corneal tissue.
The imbalance of enzymes puts the cornea at risk for oxidative damage, causing the bulging and cone-shaped cornea. Keratoconus is also linked to:
You are also at a higher risk of having keratoconus if you have family members with the disease.
Keratoconus is treated with contact lenses or eye surgery, depending on the severity of the disease. Mild cases of keratoconus are treated with eyeglasses or soft contact lenses, and if caught early, the progression of the disease can be slowed.
Custom soft astigmatism contact lenses and hybrid contact lenses are good treatment options for mild to moderate keratoconus.
As the disease progresses, vision often isn’t fully corrected by eyeglasses or contacts alone, and other keratoconus treatment options are considered, such as rigid gas permeable contact lenses and corneal crosslinking surgery.
The cross-linking procedure strengthens the corneal tissue and prevents additional changes to the cornea’s shape. For severe keratoconus, a corneal transplant may be necessary.
Getting regular eye exams is important to ensure you are treated early. Call Astoria Park Eyecare or schedule an appointment online with Rajat Shetty, OD to check your eyes for keratoconus.